The Pyramids of Giza
"All things dread Time, but Time dreads the Pyramids"
The three monumental pyramids of Cheops, Chephren and Mycerinus, set on the Giza Plateau close to the sprawling metropolis of Cairo, are instantly recognisable all over the world and have come to epitomize Egypt. Of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Pyramids alone have survived into modern times. The Great Pyramid of Cheops, built around 2,500 BC, is the oldest of the three at Giza and is also the largest pyramid in the world; some 2.3 million limestone blocks weighing on average 2.75 tons were used in its construction (the picture below gives you some idea of their size).
Built as Royal Tombs, the pyramids are aligned with the Pole Star; the internal tomb chambers face west, the direction of the Land of the Dead, whilst the external funerary temples point eastwards towards the rising sun.The orientation of the pyramids was therefore clearly deliberate, but beyond this the exact function and symbolism of the pyramids is still a mystery - although there has certainly been no shortage of theories throughout the ages, some of them stretching credulity (to put it mildly)!
During your tour with World Discovery you will have the opportunity to go inside one of the three pyramids (the choice will normally be decided by the guide, dependent on which are open - often only 2 are open at any one time - and on how busy it is). Some people find the narrow passageways claustrophobic and very humid, so you may decide it is not for you. There is little to actually see in a pyramid's interior but for many people it is still a worthwhile experience.
As well as visiting the pyramids by day, you may also return in the evening to watch the spectacular 'Sound and Light' performance.