The city of Gondar is famous for its 17th century castles and churches and often referred to as 'the Camelot of Africa'. Gondar was founded by Emperor Fasilidas in 1635 as the royal capital of Ethiopia. By the time of his death some 30 years later Gondar was the largest and most important city in the empire, a position it retained for 250 years. For the visitor the highlights of this once great city include the Royal Enclosure, which contains the stone-built Fasilidas's Castle, and the Kuskuam Church (believed to be the home of famous explorer James Bruce during the 1770s), set on a promontory overlooking the city, after which you will drive out of the city to visit 'King Fasilidas's Bath' and the Debre Birhan Selassie church, the only church that was saved from Mahdist invasion in the 1880s. The walls and ceiling are completely covered with murals (see picture below) - the angels’ faces on the ceiling have become a common motif in Ethiopian design.