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Kolkata (Calcutta)

Kolkata (Calcutta)

India Holidays - The Victoria Memorial

Kolkata (Calcutta), the former capital of British India, was founded by the enterprising English merchant trader Job Charnock in 1690. Your full day guided tour will include:

The Victoria Memorial (pictured right) - Conceived by Lord Curzon and completed in 1921, this magnificent building in white marble is designed in Italian Renaissance-Mughal style. The main gallery contains a wealth of memorabilia from the days of the Raj.

St. Paul's Cathedral (below left) - the first Episcopal Church of the Orient, an example of Indo-Gothic architecture designed by Major W.N.Forbes and built between 1839 and 1847. It is situated at the southern end of the Maidan, one of the largest city-centre parks in the world.

The National Library - the first public library to be set up in eastern India. Today the National Library has a collection of 22,70,954 books along with a huge collection of manuscripts, newspapers and periodicals.

The Botanical Gardens - Located just outside the city on the west banks of the Ganges, this is one of the oldest and largest botanical gardens in India. One of its attractions is a giant banyan tree (below right) that is said to have the second largest canopy in the world.

The Mother Teresa Centre - established by the Missionaries of Charity with the aim of promoting and supporting the message of Mother Teresa, who was beatified by Pope John Paul II in 2003 for her years of devotion to the poor of the city.